Friday, April 15, 2011

Lincoln: 75,000 to quell 'insurrection'

  • At Washington, President Lincoln, having achieved his wishes of the South firing defensively on Northern troops, today issues a public proclamation commanding all persons in arms against the Government to disperse within twenty days and calling for 75,000 state militia volunteers for three months to quell the insurrection in South Carolina. By comparison, in December 1860, there were barely 16,000 men in the Army, most positioned in the Western region of the United States. Instantly the Northern states respond with support. The New York legislature commits $3 million for the Union cause. Not so in the Border States and Upper South of Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, and Virginia. Lincoln’s appeal becomes a public relations nightmare for the Administration in the Upper South. They respond with discontent, offense, and outrage when their governors receive a requisition for their state’s quota of volunteers. North Carolina and Kentucky refuse to respond to Lincoln’s appeal while up until today, Maryland has opposed Secession and was hoping for a peaceful reunion. Lincoln's call for troops to coerce the South forces them toward Secessionism./1861 
  • NC Gov Ellis
  • Governor of North Carolina, John W. Ellis, refuses to furnish his state’s quota of militia to the United States, saying, “I can be no party to this wicked violation of the laws of the country and to this war upon the liberties of a free people. You can get no troops from North Carolina.” North Carolina state militia accordingly seizes the unoccupied Fort Macon, N. C./1861
  • Isham G. Harris. Library of Congress descripti...Image via Wikipedia
    Gov. Isham Harris
  • Rejecting Lincoln's call for troops to subdue the ‘insurrection’ in the South, Tennessee Governor Isham Harris orders a second session of the state legislature to reconsider the question of calling a secession convention./1861 
  • Meanwhile in Charleston, South Carolina, the Confederate steamer with Major Anderson and his garrison on board cross the Charleston Bar and are transferred to the U.S.S. Baltic of Lincoln's Reinforcement Fleet headed by Navy agent Gustavus V. Fox. Then the Baltic, with the Fort Sumter garrison and the 200 reinforcements for Fort Sumter, embarks for New York. Private Daniel Hough, Battery E, First United States Artillery, is buried with all the honors of war by order of General Beauregard, C. S. A. He was killed on the 14th by the premature explosion of a cannon while saluting the Union flag on Fort Sumter at the evacuation./1861
  • Confederate Brigadier General Braxton Bragg places US Lt. John Worden under arrest in Pensacola, Florida, making him the first prisoner-of-war in the War for Southern Independence./1861
  • In Montgomery, Alabama, Confederate Secretary of War Leroy P. Walker writes to Texas Governor Edward Clark, thanking him for his role in the seizure of a wagon train in Texas that had been attempting to take supplies to U.S. troops in New Mexico./1861
  • Confederate diplomat Ambrose Dudley Mann is the first to arrive in London today, hoping to encourage the British Government to support and recognize the Confederacy./1861

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