Wednesday, April 27, 2011

Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus

Page one of Proclamation 94,
Page 1 of Lincoln Proclamation 94 suspending writ
    Page two of Proclamation 94, Image via Wikipedia
    Page 2 of Proclamation 94: Suspension of writ
  • In a bold offense to inalienable human rights and affront to the Constitution, President Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in an area stretching from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Washington, D.C., to protect troops from pro-Confederate mobs.   This suspension will continue until after the war even though a Supreme Court case rules against it on May 27.  He assigns General Winfield Scott to supervise incidents arising from the suspension. This area has had much secessionist turmoil centered in Baltimore, Maryland, and has caused severe disruption of troops moving into Washington./1861
  • In addition, Lincoln extends the naval blockade to the ports of Virginia and North Carolina./1861 
  • With the need to establish the national allegiance of all members of the US Army in light of the numbers of resignations by Southern officers, all United States Army officers are required to take the oath of allegiance to the United States. Lincoln also makes several department appointments in the Army: Brig, Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler, Massachusetts militia, is assigned to the command of the Department of Annapolis, Maryland. US Col. Joseph K. F. Mansfield, is assigned to command the Department of Washington, D.C., and Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson, to the Department of Pennsylvania. For fear of the secession of Maryland, the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., is ordered to be removed to Fort Adams, Rhode Island./1861

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